elecampane


elecampane
   The roots of this plant were widely used in folk medicine and particularly veterinary medicine - for curing hydrophobia in cows and skin diseases in horses and sheep. In Wiltshire, at least, the plant was called 'Horseheal' (Wiltshire, 1975: 18). For human use, the traditional ways of processing the plant often involved mixing with sugar, honey, or wine. In this form it eventually became available as a sweet, and the name lived on even after the plant ceased to be an ingredient:
   So now its medical virtues are forgotten, and it is sold merely as a candy in confectioners' shops, with no more of the plant in it than there is of barley in what is now sold as barley-sugar.
   One writer in Notes & Queries equates elecampane with the liquorish-concoction made and drunk by children on a special day in certain parts of the country (see under *Spanish Sunday).The other way in which the plant is remembered, after a fashion, is in the Doctor's speech in many versions of the *mummers play, in which the name is garbled in all manner of ways (such as Allikan-pane or Hokum-pokum-hellican-pain) but it is quite clear that elecampane was the 'original' word used.
   ■ Vickery, 1995: 126; N&Q4s:5 (1870), 595; 4s:6 (1870), 103, 205, 264; 4s:7 (1871), 243, 314.

A Dictionary of English folklore. . 2014.

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  • Elecampane — El e*cam*pane , n. [F. [ e]nulecampane, NL. inula campana; L. inula elecampane + LL. campana a bell; cf. G. glockenwurz, i. e., bellwort. ] 1. (Bot.) A large, coarse herb ({Inula Helenium}), with composite yellow flowers. The root, which has a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • elecampane — [el΄i kam pān′] n. [ME elena campana, altered < ML enula campana < L inula (altered by metathesis < Gr helenion, prob. < Helenē, daughter of Zeus) + campana (< campus, field: see CAMPUS)] a tall, hairy European perennial plant… …   English World dictionary

  • Elecampane — Taxobox name = Elecampane image width = 250px regnum = Plantae phylum = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Asterales familia = Asteraceae tribus = Inuleae genus = Inula species = I. helenium binomial = Inula helenium binomial authority …   Wikipedia

  • elecampane — didysis debesylas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Inula helenium), paplitęs Azijoje, pietų Europoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (svaigiųjų gėrimų kvėpikliai). atitikmenys: lot.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • elecampane — noun Etymology: Middle English elena campana, from Medieval Latin enula campana, literally, field elecampane, from inula, enula elecampane + campana of the field Date: 14th century a large coarse Eurasian composite herb (Inula helenium) that has… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • elecampane — /el i kam payn /, n. a composite weed, Inula helenium, naturalized in North America, having large yellow flowers and aromatic leaves and root. [1350 1400; ME, equiv. to OE ele(ne), eolone (metathetic alter. of ML enula, L inula elecampane) + ME… …   Universalium

  • elecampane — [ˌɛlɪkam peɪn] noun a plant with yellow daisy like flowers and bitter aromatic roots that are used in herbal medicine. [Inula helenium.] Origin ME: from med. L. enula elecampane + campana (prob. meaning of the fields ) …   English new terms dictionary

  • elecampane — el•e•cam•pane [[t]ˌɛl ɪ kæmˈpeɪn[/t]] n. pln a composite weed, Inula helenium, having large yellow flowers and aromatic leaves and root • Etymology: 1350–1400; ME, = OE ele(ne), eolone (<L inula elecampane) + ME campane < ML campāna, der.… …   From formal English to slang

  • elecampane — /ɛləkæmˈpeɪn/ (say eluhkam payn) noun a plant, Inula helenium, with large yellow flowers and aromatic leaves and root. {earlier elena campana, for Medieval Latin enula campāna literally, inula of the field, from enula (from Latin inula… …   Australian English dictionary

  • elecampane — debesylas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių (Asteraceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Inula). atitikmenys: lot. Inula angl. elecampane; fleabane; inula; scabwort vok. Alant rus. девясил lenk. inula; oman …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas